How to grow tomatoes

How to grow tomatoes

Find out how to grow tomatoes, with advice on sowing, growing and harvesting, in our Grow Guide.

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sow
Sow

Do not Sow in January

Do Sow in February

Do Sow in March

Do Sow in April

Do not Sow in May

Do not Sow in June

Do not Sow in July

Do not Sow in August

Do not Sow in September

Do not Sow in October

Do not Sow in November

Do not Sow in December

Plant
Plant

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do not Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Harvest
Harvest

Do not Harvest in January

Do not Harvest in February

Do not Harvest in March

Do not Harvest in April

Do not Harvest in May

Do not Harvest in June

Do Harvest in July

Do Harvest in August

Do Harvest in September

Do Harvest in October

Do not Harvest in November

Do not Harvest in December

  • Average Yield

    2.75-5kg per plant

  • Spacing

    40cm apart

    40cm between rows

  • Depth

    1cm

Growing tomatoes is a fun and rewarding task, resulting in masses of fresh, nutritious tomatoes that taste better than anything you can buy in  the shops. Tomatoes are easy to grow and taste best when grown in full sun. There are many different varieties of tomato to grow, including cherry, plum and beefsteak, each with its own distinctive shaped fruit, flavour and culinary use.

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How to grow tomatoes at home

To grow tomatoes successfully, you need rich, fertile soil or peat-free potting compost, and a good sunny, sheltered spot. Water regularly and feed weekly with a high-potash fertiliser once the plants start to flower.

Tomatoes are split into two main growing types: determinate (bush) and indeterminate (cordon). Bush types are usually planted in pots or hanging baskets and their stems trail around the edge. Cordon types are trained to grow tall and are supported by a cane or stake.

If you grow cordon tomatoes then you will need a stake, such as a bamboo cane, to support the plant, and you’ll  need to pinch out side-shoots to keep the plant fruiting on one central stem. You don’t need to stake bush tomato varieties.

If you’re a beginner gardener then it’s a good idea to grow bush tomatoes, as you don’t need to stake them or pinch out growing tips.

More expert advice on growing tomatoes:

Find out how to grow tomatoes, below.


How to grow tomatoes from seed

How to grow tomatoes - watering pots of freshly sown tomato seeds
How to grow tomatoes – watering pots of freshly sown tomato seeds

Tomatoes are available to buy as young plants, but if you’d like to try some of the more unusual varieties it’s worth growing tomatoes from seed.

Start sowing in late-January until late-March. Sow seeds in 7.5cm pots of moist compost, top with a thin layer of vermiculite, then water and cover with cling film. Stand on a warm, bright windowsill or in a propagator.

When your seeds have germinated, remove the cling film (or take them out of the propagator) and keep the compost damp. Transplant seedlings when they reach about 2-3cm tall into 5cm pots filled with moist multi-purpose compost. Return them to the windowsill. Keep potting on as necessary. Support stems by tying them to a pea stick with soft string.


Planting tomatoes outside

How to grow tomatoes - planting out tomatoes
How to grow tomatoes – planting out tomatoes

Move your tomatoes outside after the last frost in May. Choose a sunny, sheltered spot, where you can plant them into a border (into soil that has had plenty of well-rotted garden compost added), or into 30cm pots, or put two or three plants in a growing bag. If growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, try growing alongside basil, which thrives in the same conditions.

Watch Alan Titchmarsh’s video guide to planting tomatoes in a growing bag:


Looking after cordon and bush tomatoes

How to grow tomatoes - pinching out tomato side-shoots
How to grow tomatoes – pinching out tomato side-shoots

Tall-growing cordon tomatoes will require pinching out (removing side-shoots) and staking (tying plants to canes with soft string). When the first tiny fruits begin to appear, strip away the leaves underneath to allow light and air to reach them better. When there are four trusses (clusters) of flowers, pinch out the plant’s growing tip.

Watch Alan Tichmarsh’s No Fuss video guide to caring for cordon tomatoes:

Once flowers appear, feed your plants weekly with liquid tomato food, such as Tomorite. Keep tomatoes well watered because irregular watering causes fruit to split or develop hard black patches, known as blossom-end rot. This is caused by a lack of calcium, which is found in water.

With bush tomatoes, which have a sprawling habit, you can pretty much leave them to get on with it. If the fruits are hidden under the leaves, thin out the foliage a little to let the sun through to ripen them. Support heavy trusses on top of upturned flowerpots to prevent their stems snapping.


Harvesting tomatoes

How to grow tomatoes - harvesting cherry tomatoes
How to grow tomatoes – harvesting cherry tomatoes

Leave tomatoes on the plants so they can ripen naturally, which greatly improves the flavour. Towards the end of the season, prune off the older leaves to let in more light and prevent grey mould fungus taking hold. If the weather turns cold, pick the trusses to ripen indoors.


Storing tomatoes

How to grow tomatoes - storing tomatoes
How to grow tomatoes – storing tomatoes

Tomatoes are best eaten straight from the vine, when they’re still warm from the sun. They don’t freeze well, but you can store them for a week or so at room temperature. Avoid storing your tomatoes in the fridge where possible, as this will give them a mealy texture.

The best way to store tomatoes is to make a tomato sauce and then freeze it.


Preparing and cooking tomatoes

Enjoy tomatoes in salads and sandwiches. Most types are also suitable for cooking, but plum varieties are especially suitable. If you’re lucky enough to have a glut of tomatoes, try experimenting with your own pasta sauces.


Growing tomatoes: problem solving

How to grow tomatoes - tomato with blossom end rot
How to grow tomatoes – tomato with blossom end rot

Whitefly can be a problem for tomatoes growing in greenhouses, and tomato blight can affect plants grown outside, especially in warm, wet summers. Blossom end rot (pictured) is caused by a lack of calcium, and splitting fruits can be a result of erratic watering.

Growing tomatoes in a greenhouse

Growing tomatoes in a greenhouse is very similar to growing them outside, except you get a longer growing season. You’ll need to shade your plants from excessive heat, which could cause tough skins, blotchy ripening and, if you forget to water regularly, blossom-end rot. So fit some blinds, use shade paint, or hang woven shading fabric.

Seedlings. Photo: Getty Images.

Great tomato varieties to grow

Yellow and red tomato varieties
Yellow and red tomato varieties

Outdoor tomatoes:

  • ‘Astro Ibrido’ – produces vast quantities of small to medium plum tomatoes with outstanding flavour
  • ‘Gardeners’ Delight’ – a bush or cordon cherry tomato, with heavy crops of richly flavoured fruits
  • ‘Garden Pearl’ – also called ‘Gartenperle’, this compact bush variety is ideal for growing in a large pot
  • ‘Ildi’ – deliciously sweet, yellow, pear-shaped cherry tomatoes in large trusses of up to 80 fruits

Indoor tomatoes:

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  • ‘Juliet’ – a cordon cherry plum, with fewer seeds than most. It cooks well
  • ‘Reduna’ – this cordon type has a delicious, classic flavour and is easy to slice
  • ‘Sparta’ – a cordon variety with lots of well-shaped and well-flavoured fruits