Eruca vesicaria

Eruca vesicaria


  • Botanical name: Eruca vesicaria
  • Common name: Rocket
  • Family: Brassicaceae
  • Plant Type: Annual

Rocket, Eruca vesicaria, is a pungent annual leaf crop popular in salads, grown for its attractive, peppery leaves, edible flowers and spicy seedpods. It’s perfect for growing successionally in pots in summer, and you can extend the season by growing under cloches in autumn. 


Sow seed every two weeks from March to September. Harvest leaves when young when their flavour is at its best. Remove flower stalks to prolong leaf production, unless you want to eat the flowers and seedpods too.

How to grow Eruca vesicaria

  • Plant size

    40cm height

    20cm spread

  • Aspect

    South facing, west facing

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, dappled shade, partial shade
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Do not Sow in January

Do not Sow in February

Do Sow in March

Do Sow in April

Do Sow in May

Do Sow in June

Do Sow in July

Do Sow in August

Do Sow in September

Do not Sow in October

Do not Sow in November

Do not Sow in December


Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do Plant in July

Do Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December


Do not Harvest in January

Do not Harvest in February

Do not Harvest in March

Do not Harvest in April

Do not Harvest in May

Do Harvest in June

Do Harvest in July

Do Harvest in August

Do Harvest in September

Do Harvest in October

Do not Harvest in November

Do not Harvest in December

Eruca vesicaria and wildlife

Eruca vesicaria has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK.

Is Eruca vesicaria poisonous?

Eruca vesicaria has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People

Plants that go well with Eruca vesicaria