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Monarda citriodora

Bergamot

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does flower in June

Plant does flower in July

Plant does flower in August

Plant does flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

  • Botanical name: Monarda citriodora
  • Common name: Bergamot
  • Family: Lamiaceae
  • Plant Type: Perennial
Flower colour:

Purple

Foliage colour:

Green

Although its leaves are edible, it’s sometimes referred to as ‘lemon mint’ and it’s in the mint family Lamiaceae, Monarda citrodora is not a true mint. 

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Monardas have very distinctive shaggy, dome-shaped flower-heads comprising curving tube-shaped petals, which are extremely attractive to bees. Monarda citrodora flowers from mid to late summer, and blooms almost continuously if deadheaded regularly. The foliage is aromatic with a soft hint of lemon, and leaves are sometimes used in teas and for potpourri arrangements. 

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Grow Monarda citrodora in a free-draining soil in full sun and divide clumps every three years. 

How to grow Monarda citriodora

  • Plant size

    90cm height

    60cm spread

  • Aspect

    South facing, west facing

  • Position in border

    Middle

  • Sun exposure: Full sun
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Plant
Plant

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do not Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does flower in June

Plant does flower in July

Plant does flower in August

Plant does flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

Monarda citriodora and wildlife

Monarda citriodora is known for attracting bees. It nectar-pollen-rich-flowers.

Attractive to Bees

Does not attract Beneficial insects

Does not attract Birds

Does not attract Butterflies​/​Moths

Does not attract Other pollinators

Is Monarda citriodora poisonous?

Monarda citriodora has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People

Plants that go well with Monarda citriodora