Small-leaved lime, Tilia cordata

Tilia cordata

Small-leaved lime

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does not flower in June

Plant does flower in July

Plant does flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

  • Botanical name: Tilia cordata
  • Common name: Small-leaved lime
  • Family: Malvaceae
  • Plant Type: Tree, Deciduous
Flower colour:

White

Foliage colour:

Green

The small-leaved lime, Tilia cordata is a medium- to large-sized deciduous tree native to the UK and other parts of Europe. Best for the larger garden, Tilia cordata is a fantastic tree to grow for wildlife – providing nesting sites for birds, food for caterpillars and fragrant summer flowers for bees.

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Unlike Tilia europaea, which is frequently attacked by honeydew secreting aphids to the despair of car owners parked below, Tilia cordata doesn’t suffer from the same problem.

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Tilia cordata is an adaptable species that suits urban environments just as well as it does rural settings. For best results, grow Tilia cordata in moist, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Windy, exposed sites are best avoided when planting.

How to grow Tilia cordata

  • Plant size

    12m height

    8m spread

  • Aspect

    South facing, west facing

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, partial shade
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Chalky / alkaline / clay / heavy / moist / well drained / light / sandy

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Plant
Plant

Do Plant in January

Do Plant in February

Do Plant in March

Do Plant in April

Do not Plant in May

Do not Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do Plant in October

Do Plant in November

Do Plant in December

Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does not flower in June

Plant does flower in July

Plant does flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

Prune
Prune

Do Prune in January

Do Prune in February

Do Prune in March

Do not Prune in April

Do not Prune in May

Do not Prune in June

Do not Prune in July

Do not Prune in August

Do not Prune in September

Do not Prune in October

Do not Prune in November

Do not Prune in December

Tilia cordata and wildlife

Tilia cordata is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, birds and butterflies​/​moths. It is a caterpillar food plant, has nectar/pollen rich flowers, is used for nesting materials and provides shelter and habitat.

Attractive to Bees

Attractive to Beneficial insects

Attractive to Birds

Attractive to Butterflies​/​Moths

Does not attract Other pollinators

Is Tilia cordata poisonous?

Tilia cordata has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People

Plants that go well with Tilia cordata