Vitis vinifera

Vitis vinifera

Grapevine

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Fruits
Fruits

Plant does not fruit in January

Plant does not fruit in February

Plant does not fruit in March

Plant does not fruit in April

Plant does not fruit in May

Plant does not fruit in June

Plant does fruit in July

Plant does fruit in August

Plant does fruit in September

Plant does not fruit in October

Plant does not fruit in November

Plant does not fruit in December

  • Botanical name: Vitis vinifera
  • Common name: Grapevine
  • Family: Vitaceae
  • Plant Type: Fruit, Deciduous
Foliage colour:

Golden

Green

Purple

This grape vine, Vitis vinifera, is a vigorous, high-powered tendril climber, which can easily cover a house wall if left unchecked, covering it in large, lobed, bright green summer leaves up to 15cm long. The tiny green summer flowers are followed by late summer bunches of small grapes.

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There are many varieties, which bear grapes that can be eaten as a dessert or used to produce wine – many can be used for both. Some are tender and need the shelter of a greenhouse to crop prolifically, but if you don’t have one, don’t worry, there’s a wide variety that can be grown in well-drained soil in a sheltered spot such as against a south- or west-facing fence or wall. 

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For a Vitis with strong autumn leaf colour, choose the deep, dark purple variety ‘Purpurea’, and for tasty edible grapes grown against a sheltered, sunny garden wall, try the likes of ‘Brandt’ and ‘Gloire de Boskoop’. 

How to grow Vitis vinifera

  • Plant size

    1.5m height

    1.5m spread

  • Aspect

    South facing, west facing

  • Sun exposure: Full sun
  • Hardiness: Half hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Plant
Plant

Do Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do Plant in July

Do Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do Plant in October

Do Plant in November

Do Plant in December

Fruits
Fruits

Plant does not fruit in January

Plant does not fruit in February

Plant does not fruit in March

Plant does not fruit in April

Plant does not fruit in May

Plant does not fruit in June

Plant does fruit in July

Plant does fruit in August

Plant does fruit in September

Plant does not fruit in October

Plant does not fruit in November

Plant does not fruit in December

Take cuttings
Take cuttings

Do Take cuttings in January

Do not Take cuttings in February

Do not Take cuttings in March

Do not Take cuttings in April

Do not Take cuttings in May

Do not Take cuttings in June

Do not Take cuttings in July

Do not Take cuttings in August

Do not Take cuttings in September

Do Take cuttings in October

Do Take cuttings in November

Do Take cuttings in December

Prune
Prune

Do not Prune in January

Do not Prune in February

Do not Prune in March

Do not Prune in April

Do not Prune in May

Do not Prune in June

Do not Prune in July

Do not Prune in August

Do not Prune in September

Do not Prune in October

Do not Prune in November

Do Prune in December

Harvest
Harvest

Do not Harvest in January

Do not Harvest in February

Do not Harvest in March

Do not Harvest in April

Do not Harvest in May

Do not Harvest in June

Do Harvest in July

Do Harvest in August

Do Harvest in September

Do not Harvest in October

Do not Harvest in November

Do not Harvest in December

Vitis vinifera and wildlife

Vitis vinifera has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK.

Is Vitis vinifera poisonous?

Vitis vinifera has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People

Plants that go well with Vitis vinifera