Purple aquilegias growing amongst grasses

How to grow aquilegias

Find out everything you need to know about planting, caring and propagating aquilegias in this detailed Grow Guide.

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Plant
Plant

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do not Plant in May

Do not Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does flower in April

Plant does flower in May

Plant does not flower in June

Plant does not flower in July

Plant does not flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

Cut back
Cut back

Do not Cut back in January

Do not Cut back in February

Do not Cut back in March

Do not Cut back in April

Do not Cut back in May

Do not Cut back in June

Do not Cut back in July

Do not Cut back in August

Do Cut back in September

Do Cut back in October

Do not Cut back in November

Do not Cut back in December

Aquilegias are traditional cottage garden plants, with delicate, nodding bell-shaped flowers and attractive foliage.

Advertisement

These reliable perennial plants, also known as columbine or granny’s bonnet, flower prolifically in May and June. With colours ranging from white through pale yellow to purples, blues and pinks, the flowers vary from singles to doubles and more unusual spurred varieties. Aquilegias make lovely cut flowers and the semi-evergreen foliage provides a good backdrop for other plants.

Take a look at our handy aquilegia grow guide, below.

Aquilegias are woodland edge plants, so the best location is in partial shade in a fertile, moist but well-drained soil.
Pink aquilegias growing in mixed border with hostas and box
Pink aquilegias growing in mixed border with hostas and box

Where to plant aquilegias

Aquilegias are woodland edge plants, so the best location is in partial shade in a fertile, moist but well-drained soil.

Red and white aquilegia bloom
Red and white aquilegia bloom

How to plant aquilegias

Dig over the soil, adding in leaf mould or garden compost, to improve drainage. Tease out the roots of pot-bound plants and firm into the planting hole, watering well.

Read our detailed guides to planting perennials.

Deep purple-bronze flowers of aquilegia 'Black Barlow'
Deep purple-bronze flowers of aquilegia ‘Black Barlow’

Caring for aquilegias

Once your aquilegia plants are established, they need very little aftercare. For the best foliage display, cut back the summer growth in September for a late flush of new leaves that should last through the winter.

Cut flowering stems back after the blooms have faded, unless you want to collect the seed. Otherwise your chosen variety may become overcrowded with self-sown seedlings.

Aquilegias, like most perennials, will benefit from being lifted and divided every few years. This makes new, stronger plants and boosts their flowering potential.

Collecting aquilegia seed for propagation
Collecting aquilegia seed for propagation

Propagating aquilegias

Aquilegias will self-seed prolifically and cross-fertilise. You may end up with some unique variations in your own garden if you leave the plants to their own devices. Alternatively collect the seed by waiting till the pods have dried a little on the stem. Then cover with a paper bag and shake the dried seedheads to release the very tiny seeds.

Here, Alan Titchmarsh explains how to save seed from aquilegias:

Watch our video advice on sowing aquilegia seeds.

You can also propagate by division. Watch our video advice on how to divide perennials.

Aquilegia leaves damaged by leaf miner
Aquilegia leaves damaged by leaf miner

Aquilegias: problem solving

Aquilegias can be affected by aphids and leaf miners. Remove aphids with soapy solution and remove leaves affected by miners and destroy.

Aquilegia downy mildew is a fungal disease particular to these plants. This can spread very quickly given the right conditions – cool and damp. Leaves will show spreading yellow patches that cause the leaf to curl and turn brown, with a white growth on the underside of the leaf. The flowers look distorted and stalks and seed pods can develop brown blotches. There is no remedy apart from removing affected plants and burning them.

Brown and green flowers of Aquilegia viridiflora
Brown and green flowers of Aquilegia viridiflora

Great aquilegia varieties to grow

  • Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Lime Sorbet’ – pale limey-white double flowers
  • Aquilegia vulgaris var. stellata ‘Nora Barlow’ – one of the oldest varieties, named after Charles Darwin’s granddaughter, with pink, green and white petals
  • Aquilegia alpina – an alpine variety with bright blue flowers, growing to 80cm
  • Aquilegia fragrans – with pale cream flowers and pineapple scent, this species aquilegia comes from the Himalayan foothills of Pakistan, northern India and Kashmir
  • Aquilegia viridiflora – a rare species aquilegia, with chocolate coloured flowers and long spurs
Advertisement

Find more great aquilegia varieties to grow