Eryngiums are also known as sea holly: they grow well in coastal areas and have spiny leaves and a characteristic ruff around the flowerheads.


The thistle-like flowers are made up of tiny flowers packed together in a tight cluster. With colours ranging from grey to intense cobalt blue, eryngiums are striking plants. There are over 250 species and lots of garden cultivars to choose from. They look wonderful in gravel gardens or mixed herbaceous borders and they're good for attracting pollinating insects.

Eryngiums make good winter silhouettes and the flowerheads are great for cutting and using in fresh and dried arrangements.

Take a look at our handy eryngium Grow Guide, below.

Where to grow eryngiums

Planting an eryngium in a container
Planting an eryngium in a container

Eryngiums need plenty of sunshine and free-draining soil. They can tolerate poor soil, and a spot at the foot of a wall is a good position as the soil will remain dry over winter. It’s also a good idea to plant eryngiums away from the edge of a border or path, as their spikes can be quite sharp. They work well in gravel gardens and don’t need a lot of watering.

Planting eryngiums

Dig a generous hole, larger than the pot your eryngium came in and add a handful of grit to boost drainage. Follow our step by step guide to planting perennials.

Propagating eryngiums

What to prune in spring - herbaceous perennials
Eryngium seedheads

Species eryngiums can be grown from seed, although if you have a named cultivar, take root cuttings to ensure it stays true to type. Follow our step-by-step guide to taking root cuttings. Some eryngiums can be propagated by division in spring. Watch Sarah Raven demonstrate how to divide herbaceous perennials.

Eryngiums: problem solving

Eryngiums growing with salvias
Eryngiums growing with salvias

Eryngiums are generally trouble-free plants with no pests or diseases, though slugs and snails can slowly eat small parts of the tough foliage.

Caring for eryngiums

Eryngium giganteum 'Silver Ghost'
Eryngium 'Silver Ghost'

In colder climates you may need to protect the roots with a mulch of straw over winter, and tidy spent foliage in spring to prevent rot.

Eryngiums to grow

Eryngium x zabelii 'Big Blue'
Eryngium'Big Blue'
  • Eryngium varifolium – a compact sea holly, with small spiky flowers on sturdy, upright stems from July to September
  • ‘Neptune’s Gold’ – a colourful plant. The spiky bracts are silvery blue at the base, turning gold at the tips. The stems of 'Neptune's Gold' are blue, and the foliage yellow
  • 'Big Blue' – as the name suggests, the flower cones are large and a very intense blue. They appear from June to August and contrast beautifully with the grey-green in leaves
  • 'Picos Blue' – a more intense blue than the species bourgatii, and slightly larger
  • Eryngium x tripartitum – with branching violet stems emerging from a rosette of leaves, the flowers are smaller and appear more starry, as the dark blue bracts are more like narrow daisy petals rather than lacy ruffs