Phalaenopsis orchid

How to grow orchids

Find out how to get the best from your orchid to keep it flowering for many years.

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
To do
To do

Do To do in January

Do To do in February

Do To do in March

Do To do in April

Do To do in May

Do To do in June

Do To do in July

Do To do in August

Do To do in September

Do To do in October

Do To do in November

Do To do in December

Orchids are now an affordable luxury; their sensational and long-lasting blooms bringing a touch of elegance to any home or greenhouse.

Find out all you need to know about caring for orchids.

With a wide range of young orchid plants now on offer at local garden centres and florists, you can choose exciting varieties to grow on yourself.

Here’s how to get your orchid off to the best possible start and keep it producing blooms for many years.

Orchids are now an affordable luxury; their sensational and long-lasting blooms bringing a touch of elegance to any home or greenhouse.

You Will Need

  • Potted orchid
  • Specialist orchid compost
  • Specialist orchid feed

Total time:

Step 1

Stand the young orchid plants in trays in the greenhouse, well out of any direct sunlight. If the compost looks very dry, water the plants thoroughly until water starts to run out of the bottom of the pot.


Step 2

Plants can be fed with a soluble fertiliser added to the watering can. Orchid fertiliser is available from most garden centres, or use a general-purpose feed at half strength every third watering.


Step 3

As the orchid grows it will develop a strong, fleshy root system. When the roots fill the original pot the plant should be potted on into a slightly larger one.


Step 4

Put crocks in the bottom of the pot to improve drainage. Add specialist orchid compost to the pot and put the plant in place, making sure the compost goes right down the sides of the rootball. Don’t firm down – leave the compost loose to allow water to run straight through.


Step 5

When the flowering period is over, the old flowering stem can be tidied up. Don’t be in too much of a hurry though as some orchids, such as phalaenopsis, often produce a sideshoot that will bear a second crop of flowers. Watch Alan Titchmarsh explain how to encourage a moth orchid to reflower.


Don’t let orchid plants get too hot in summer: they will stop growing above 30°C, so make sure they receive adequate ventilation.

Watering can