Many of our best-loved garden plants, including foxgloves, are biennials. They fill borders (and vases) with colour in spring and early summer, before many annuals and perennials come into their own.
Biennials have a two-year life cycle – in the first year they make roots and foliage, and in the second year they flower, set seed and die. You can buy biennials as ready-grown plants, but they are easy and cheap to grow from seed.
For flowers next year, sow foxglove seeds direct outside in summer, in rows so that it’s easy to distinguish the emerging seedlings from weeds. Here’s how.
Sowing in a cold frame
If you’re short on space, sow foxglove seeds in modules in a cold frame and transplant to their final positions in the garden in early autumn.