Regular pruning of certain trees and shrubs can increase vigour, improve fruit or flower production, and ward off disease. But it can be difficult to remember the techniques required to do a good job, and it’s hard to know if you’re doing it right.
There’s no one, catch-all way to prune all plants. You’ll need to prune at different times of year and in different ways, depending on what plants you’re growing, how you’re growing them, and what you what from them. It’s therefore important to research how to prune each plant before you set about pruning it. Pruning at the wrong time of year, or in the wrong way, can lead to all sorts of problems, not least the plant putting on lots of extra leafy growth at the expense of fruit or flowers.