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From the team at Gardeners' World Magazine
Magnesium deficiency apparent in leaves as yellow patches between the veins and around the leaf margins

Magnesium deficiency

Published: Wednesday, 6 March, 2019 at 3:00 pm

Learn to recognise the symptoms of magnesium deficiency in plants and how to treat/prevent it.

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Magnesium is needed to give leaves their green colour, so when there's a deficiency, yellow breaks through between the veins and around the leaf edges instead. Other colours, such as purple, brown or red, might also appear. Older leaves suffer first, and will die if they're not given any treatment. The nutrient can be leached out of light, sandy, acidic soil by high rainfall. Or if there is too much potassium in the soil, the plants absorb that instead of the magnesium.

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Symptoms

The absence of magnesium is detected by yellowing between the leaf veins and around the leaf margins. Other colours might break through as the green fades.

Find it on

potatoes, apples, cherries, grape vines, tomatoes, camellias, rhododendrons

Organic

For a long-term solution, apply a yearly mulch of home-made compost. This will conserve moisture, prevent the leaching of nutrients during heavy rainfall, and provide the soil with sufficient quantities of magnesium to keep your plants healthy.

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Chemical

Use a magnesium leaf spray, such as Epsom salts, on potatoes for a quick, temporary solution in summer. Apply Epsom salts or calcium-magnesium carbonate to the soil in autumn or winter to remedy the deficiency for next year.

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