Sun exposure:
Dappled shade, full sun, partial shade
East facing, south facing, west facing
Position in border:


Boggy / Clay / Heavy / Moist

The alder tree, Alnus glutinosa, is a deciduous British native tree in the birch family, which has rounded, bright green leaves and red-brown catkins. It grows to around 25m in height and is typically found in areas of damp ground, such as wet woodlands, marshes and the banks of streams and rivers. It makes an excellent garden tree, particularly for those with wetter-than-average soil, and can also be grown as a hedge. It's particularly useful for gardeners with poor soil, such as those with new-build gardens. Its roots fix nitrogen so it can tolerate, and even improve, soils that other trees couldn't grow in.

Alder is a fantastic tree for wildlife, being host to many moths, including the alder moth, which has a vibrant black-and-yellow striped caterpillar, and its seeds are eaten by birds. A short-lived tree, it's life expectancy is just 60 years.

Growing Alnus glutinosa

Grow alder in moist soil in full sun to partial shade. Water regularly until it becomes established. Due to its nitrogen-fixing capabilities, there's no need to fertilise alder.

Advice on buying Alnus glutinosa

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  • You can buy bareroot alder trees from November to March, or in pots throughout the year. Hedging whips are also available
  • Ensure you have the right growing conditions – alder tolerates a wide variety of soil types and will grow on poor soils, but it does best in a moist environment
  • Always check plants for signs of disease or damage before planting

Where to buy Alnus glutinosa

Plant calendar


Alnus and wildlife

Alnus is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, birds, butterflies/moths and other pollinators. It is a caterpillar food plant, has nectar/pollen rich flowers, provides shelter and habitat and has seeds for birds.

Is known to attract Bees
Is known to attract Beneficial insects
Beneficial insects
Is known to attract Birds
Is known to attract Butterflies/​Moths
Is known to attract Other pollinators
Other pollinators

Is Alnus poisonous?

Alnus has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:
Is not known to attract Birds
Is not known to attract Cats
Is not known to attract Dogs
Is not known to attract Horses
Is not known to attract Livestock
Is not known to attract People