Apium graveolens

Apium graveolens


  • Botanical name: Apium graveolens
  • Common name: Celery
  • Family: Apiaceae
  • Plant Type: Vegetable

Celery, Apium graveolens, is cultivated for its juicy stalks and occasionally its leaves. Its stalks work well when roasted or chopped into salads and stews. 


Both celery and celeriac were bred from the same wild plant. Celeriac is hardier and more disease resistant than celery, but the flavour and aroma of the plants is similar.

Celery is a moisture-loving plant and requires a rich, moisture-retentive soil in full sun. The soil should never be allowed to dry out. As the plants mature, earth up the stems to blanch them, or buy a self-blanching variety such as ‘Celebrity’.


Grow Apium graveolens in moisture retentive soil in full sun to partial shade. Never allow the soil to dry out. Harvest the heart and stems from August to October. 

How to grow Apium graveolens

  • Plant size

    60cm height

    15cm spread

  • Aspect

    North facing, east facing, south facing, west facing

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, dappled shade, partial shade
  • Soil type: Clay / heavy / moist / boggy

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Do not Sow in January

Do not Sow in February

Do Sow in March

Do Sow in April

Do not Sow in May

Do not Sow in June

Do not Sow in July

Do not Sow in August

Do not Sow in September

Do not Sow in October

Do not Sow in November

Do not Sow in December


Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do not Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Collect seeds
Collect seeds

Do not Collect seeds in January

Do not Collect seeds in February

Do not Collect seeds in March

Do not Collect seeds in April

Do not Collect seeds in May

Do not Collect seeds in June

Do not Collect seeds in July

Do not Collect seeds in August

Do Collect seeds in September

Do Collect seeds in October

Do not Collect seeds in November

Do not Collect seeds in December


Do not Harvest in January

Do not Harvest in February

Do not Harvest in March

Do not Harvest in April

Do not Harvest in May

Do not Harvest in June

Do not Harvest in July

Do Harvest in August

Do Harvest in September

Do Harvest in October

Do not Harvest in November

Do not Harvest in December

Apium graveolens and wildlife

Apium graveolens has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK.

Is Apium graveolens poisonous?

Apium graveolens has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People