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Betula pendula

Silver birch

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does flower in March

Plant does flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does not flower in June

Plant does not flower in July

Plant does not flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

  • Botanical name: Betula pendula
  • Common name: Silver birch
  • Family: Betulaceae
  • Plant Type: Tree, Deciduous
Foliage colour:

Green

The plain silver or common birch, Betula pendula, is a fantastic landscape tree, grown for its white bark, spring catkins and pretty yellow autumn foliage. It’s a fantastic choice for wildlife, supporting a wide range of species including moths and birds. It makes a fine hedge, or may be grown as a screen or windbreak. It also works well as a specimen tree in a large garden. It has a graceful, upright habit which gradually becomes weeping with maturity. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it its prestigious Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

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Like all birches, Betula pendula thrives in most situations, but for best results grow in moist but well-drained soil in sun to partial shade. It can be grown on its own as a focal point in the garden, or in groups.

How to grow Betula pendula

  • Plant size

    25m height

    10m spread

  • Aspect

    North facing, east facing, south facing, west facing

  • Position in border

    Back

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, dappled shade, partial shade
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy / clay / heavy / moist / acidic

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Plant
Plant

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do not Plant in May

Do not Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do Plant in October

Do Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does flower in March

Plant does flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does not flower in June

Plant does not flower in July

Plant does not flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

Betula pendula and wildlife

Betula pendula is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, birds, butterflies​/​moths and other pollinators. It has nectar/pollen rich flowers, provides shelter and habitat, is used for nesting materials, makes a good wildlife hedge, has seeds for birds and is a caterpilar food plant.

Attractive to Bees

Attractive to Beneficial insects

Attractive to Birds

Attractive to Butterflies​/​Moths

Attractive to Other pollinators

Is Betula pendula poisonous?

Betula pendula has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People