Brassica oleracea capitata group

Brassica oleracea

Ornamental cabbage

  • Botanical name: Brassica oleracea
  • Common name: Ornamental cabbage
  • Family: Brassicaceae
  • Plant Type: Vegetable

Flower beds and containers are often short of colour in the winter months, before spring bedding starts its main display, and ornamental cabbages provide one way of filling the gap.


Ornamental cabbages are actually edible when young, although the flavour can be rather strong, but their chief merit is the bright colouring of their loose hearts, increasing in intensity as the temperature falls. Red, pink or white are the usual shades, with green or steely blue hints at the edges of some leaves. They may also be sown in winter for spring display.


Grow Brassica oleracea capitata group in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to shade. 

How to grow Brassica oleracea

  • Plant size

    30cm height

    30cm spread

  • Aspect

    South facing, west facing

  • Position in border


  • Sun exposure: Full sun, dappled shade, partial shade
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy / clay / heavy / moist
  • Plant care: Needs regular watering in pots

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do not Plant in May

Do not Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do Plant in October

Do Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Brassica oleracea and wildlife

Brassica oleracea has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK.

Is Brassica oleracea poisonous?

Brassica oleracea has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People