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Buxus sempervirens

Common box

  • Botanical name: Buxus sempervirens
  • Common name: Common box
  • Family: Buxaceae
  • Plant Type: Shrub, Evergreen
Flower colour:

Yellow

Foliage colour:

Green

Common box, Buxus sempervirens, is a vigorous, evergreen, bushy, upright shrub or small tree. It has small, rounded to oblong, glossy dark green leaves. Its dense habit makes it ideal for hedging or screening and it can be closely clipped into different shapes. It’s an excellent plant to make into topiary, as you can leave a smart finish after trimming.

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Grow Buxus sempervirens in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Mulch annually with well-rotted manure or compost and trim into shape from mid- to late-summer.

How to grow Buxus sempervirens

  • Plant size

    5m height

    5m spread

  • Aspect

    South facing, west facing

  • Position in border

    Front, middle

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, dappled shade
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy / clay / heavy / moist / chalky / alkaline / acidic

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Plant
Plant

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do not Plant in May

Do not Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do Plant in October

Do Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Take cuttings
Take cuttings

Do not Take cuttings in January

Do not Take cuttings in February

Do not Take cuttings in March

Do Take cuttings in April

Do Take cuttings in May

Do Take cuttings in June

Do Take cuttings in July

Do not Take cuttings in August

Do not Take cuttings in September

Do not Take cuttings in October

Do not Take cuttings in November

Do not Take cuttings in December

Buxus sempervirens and wildlife

Buxus sempervirens has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK.

Is Buxus sempervirens poisonous?

Buxus sempervirens can be toxic.

Toxic to:

Toxic to Cats

Toxic to Dogs

Toxic to Horses

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People