Dicksonia antarctica

Tree fern

  • Botanical name: Dicksonia antarctica
  • Common name: Tree fern
  • Family: Dicksoniaceae
  • Plant Type: Tree, Evergreen
Foliage colour:


Tree ferns, Dicksonia, are becoming more and more popular. Native to Australia and New Zealand, they are some of the oldest plants in the world and make a dramatic statement in the garden.


Dicksonia antarctica is one of the hardier tree ferns. Its thick mass of roots form a trunk, from which large, long, filigree-like fronds appear. It works well when combined with ferns and other woodland plants, or in an exotic planting scheme.


For best results grow Dicksonia antarctica in partial to full shade in moist soil. In winter protect the crown by wrapping it up with straw, horticultural fleece or even dead fronds. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it its Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

How to grow Dicksonia antarctica

  • Plant size

    4m height

    4m spread

  • Aspect

    North facing, east facing, south facing, west facing

  • Position in border

    Middle, back

  • Sun exposure: Dappled shade, partial shade, full shade
  • Shade type: Damp
  • Hardiness: Tender
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy / acidic

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do Plant in July

Do Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Dicksonia antarctica and wildlife

Dicksonia antarctica has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK.

Is Dicksonia antarctica poisonous?

Dicksonia antarctica has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People

Plants that go well with Dicksonia antarctica


Fatsia japonica

Japanese aralia