Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea purpurea

Coneflower

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does flower in June

Plant does flower in July

Plant does flower in August

Plant does flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

  • Botanical name: Echinacea purpurea
  • Common name: Coneflower
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Plant Type: Perennial
Flower colour:

Pink

Foliage colour:

Green

Echinaceas have grown in popularity in recent years, thanks to the new trend for prairie-style planting. Known for their use in herbal medicine, these herbaceous perennials have pretty, daisy-like flowers with a central cone, hence their common name, coneflower. They’re easy to grow as they tolerate most soils (except very dry ones), and their sturdy stems mean that staking is unnecessary.

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Echinacea purpurea, also known as purple coneflower, has pink flowers and a large, orange-brown cone in the centre. It’s perfect for growing in drifts towards the middle or back of a cottage-style or herbaceous border, or among grasses and rudbeckias in a prairie-style planting scheme. It’s resistant to adverse weather and doesn’t need staking. The flowers are long-lived, are excellent for cutting and are extremely attractive to pollinators. There are many cultivars of Echinacea purpurea available, ranging in height, flower colour and size of cone. They include the shorter, dark pink ‘Magnus’ and the short, pale pink ‘Mistra’.

Grow Echinacea purpurea in well-drained soil in full sun. Deadhead the flowers as they fade to encourage more flowers but in autumn, you could leave the seedheads on the plant – birds will flock to them as a food source and the cone silhouettes look good in winter. You could then cut them back the following spring, when the new foliage emerges.

Mulch with well-rotted manure or compost in autumn. Lift congested clumps in autumn or spring.

More on growing echinaceas:

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Where to buy Echinacea purpurea

How to grow Echinacea purpurea

  • Plant size

    1.5m height

    60cm spread

  • Aspect

    South facing, west facing

  • Position in border

    Middle

  • Sun exposure: Dappled shade, full sun
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Acidic / chalky / alkaline / well drained / light / sandy

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sow
Sow

Do not Sow in January

Do not Sow in February

Do Sow in March

Do Sow in April

Do not Sow in May

Do not Sow in June

Do not Sow in July

Do not Sow in August

Do not Sow in September

Do not Sow in October

Do not Sow in November

Do not Sow in December

Plant
Plant

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do not Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does flower in June

Plant does flower in July

Plant does flower in August

Plant does flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

Divide
Divide

Do not Divide in January

Do not Divide in February

Do Divide in March

Do Divide in April

Do not Divide in May

Do not Divide in June

Do not Divide in July

Do not Divide in August

Do not Divide in September

Do not Divide in October

Do not Divide in November

Do not Divide in December

Collect seeds
Collect seeds

Do not Collect seeds in January

Do not Collect seeds in February

Do not Collect seeds in March

Do not Collect seeds in April

Do not Collect seeds in May

Do not Collect seeds in June

Do not Collect seeds in July

Do not Collect seeds in August

Do Collect seeds in September

Do Collect seeds in October

Do not Collect seeds in November

Do not Collect seeds in December

Echinacea purpurea and wildlife

Echinacea purpurea is known for attracting bees, birds and other pollinators. It has nectar/pollen rich flowers and has seeds for birds.

Attractive to Bees

Does not attract Beneficial insects

Attractive to Birds

Does not attract Butterflies​/​Moths

Attractive to Other pollinators

Is Echinacea purpurea poisonous?

Echinacea purpurea has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People