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Euonymus europaeus

Spindle

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does flower in May

Plant does flower in June

Plant does not flower in July

Plant does not flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

  • Botanical name: Euonymus europaeus
  • Common name: Spindle
  • Family: Celastraceae
  • Plant Type: Shrub, Deciduous
Flower colour:

Green

Foliage colour:

Green

The spindle tree, Euonymus europaeus, is a large native shrub, producing dense hard wood that traditionally was used for making spindles and other small implements. In autumn the foliage turns a dramatic shade of red, complementing the orange-pink winged fruit, which remain on the tree long after the leaves have fallen.

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Euonymus europaeus is the perfect shrub to plant as a focal point in the front garden, where its beauty can be appreciated. But it also works well in a winter border, underplanted with spring flowers. For best results grow in well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade.

How to grow Euonymus europaeus

  • Plant size

    3m height

    2.5m spread

  • Aspect

    North facing, east facing, south facing, west facing

  • Position in border

    Middle

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, dappled shade
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy / clay / heavy / moist / chalky / alkaline

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Plant
Plant

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do not Plant in May

Do not Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do Plant in October

Do Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does flower in May

Plant does flower in June

Plant does not flower in July

Plant does not flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

Euonymus europaeus and wildlife

Euonymus europaeus is known for attracting birds. It has seeds for birds.

Does not attract Bees

Does not attract Beneficial insects

Attractive to Birds

Does not attract Butterflies​/​Moths

Does not attract Other pollinators

Is Euonymus europaeus poisonous?

Euonymus europaeus can be toxic.

Toxic to:

Toxic to Cats

Toxic to Dogs

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People