Trained fruit trees are a fantastic way of incorporating fruit into a small garden, or a wide variety of fruits into a larger garden.
Trained against a wall or fence, they take up hardly any room, and provide abundant crops. You can also use them as a screen or divider. You could combine them with dwarf fruit trees, which remain compact and can be grown in the ground or in pots.
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The main tree shapes are espaliers, fans and cordons – but which shape suits each type of fruit? Read on to find out.
Apples and pears
Apples and pears are usually trained as espaliers or cordons, with the tree grafted onto a dwarfing rootstock to restrict its vigour. If training one yourself from scratch, choose a spur-bearing variety (most varieties are spur-bearing), as tip-bearers aren't suitable for pruning in this way.
Fig trees are often grown as fans, too – as they also like the additional heat radiating from a wall in summer. As a bonus, the rubble at the base of many walls also restricts their roots, which stops them growing too leafy and promotes fruiting.
Planting bareroot fruit trees
You'll find the best selection of varieties sold as bareroot trees in winter. This is a cheaper way of buying them, too.