Star of Bethlehem, Ornithogalum umbellatum

Ornithogalum umbellatum

Star of bethlehem

  • Botanical name: Ornithogalum umbellatum
  • Common name: Star of bethlehem
  • Family: Asparagaceae
  • Plant Type: Bulb
Flower colour:


Foliage colour:


Star of Bethlehem, Ornithogalum umbellatum, is a widespread species of bulb native throughout much of Europe, as well as north-west Africa and south-west Asia. Ornithogalum umbellatum, flowers in April and May and when growing in favourable conditions forms carpets of low-growing foliage, topped with numerous white, starry flowers.


It looks great grown in large drifts on a sunny bank of soil, or used as underplanting for deciduous trees and shrubs.


For best results, grow Ornithogalum umbellatum in full sun or partial shade in well-drained soil. As a spring-flowering bulb, the bulbs should be planted in autumn for flowers the following year.

How to grow Ornithogalum umbellatum

  • Plant size

    10cm height

    10cm spread

  • Aspect

    South facing, east facing, west facing

  • Position in border


  • Sun exposure: Dappled shade, full sun, partial shade
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Acidic / chalky / alkaline / clay / heavy / moist / well drained / light / sandy

Ornithogalum umbellatum and wildlife

Ornithogalum umbellatum is known for attracting bees and other pollinators. It has nectar/pollen rich flowers.

Attractive to Bees

Does not attract Beneficial insects

Does not attract Birds

Does not attract Butterflies​/​Moths

Attractive to Other pollinators

Is Ornithogalum umbellatum poisonous?

Ornithogalum umbellatum is harmful if ingested and causes an upset stomach.

Toxic to:

Toxic to Cats

Toxic to Dogs

Toxic to Horses

Toxic to Livestock

Toxic to People

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

Plants that go well with Ornithogalum umbellatum