Sun exposure:
Dappled shade, full shade, full sun, partial shade
East facing, north facing, south facing, west facing
Position in border:

Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) is a conifer native to northern Europe that forms a tall, fairly narrow, dome-shaped tree. It's the only pine native to the UK, where it grows on heathland in the south of the country and in the Scottish highlands. Once the Caledonian pine forest covered much of Scotland, but now only small areas of this valuable habitat remain. Scots pine is long-lived and mature trees can be several hundred years old.

Scots pine bears evergreen, needle-like leaves that are blue-green in colour and grow in pairs. The bark is orange-brown, scaly, and develops deep cracks and fissures as it matures. Both male and female flowers are borne on the same tree – male flowers are long and yellow, and clustered at the base of shoots, while red-brown female flowers are shorter and globular, and form on the shoot tips. Female flowers mature the following year to form woody, grey-brown cones around 5cm long.

Mature Pinus sylvestris trees reach 30-35m in height with a spread of 6-12m in around 30-50 years. They're therefore not suitable for most gardens, though there are some named, cultivated varieties which are much more compact in habit and more suited for garden planting.

Pinus and wildlife

Pinus is known for attracting beneficial insects, birds and butterflies/moths. It is a caterpillar food plant, provides shelter and habitat and has seeds for birds.

Is not known to attract Bees
Is known to attract Beneficial insects
Beneficial insects
Is known to attract Birds
Is known to attract Butterflies/​Moths
Is not known to attract Other pollinators
Other pollinators

Is Pinus poisonous?

Pinus has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:
Is not known to attract Birds
Is not known to attract Cats
Is not known to attract Dogs
Is not known to attract Horses
Is not known to attract Livestock
Is not known to attract People