How to grow beetroot

How to grow beetroot

All you need to know about sowing, growing, harvesting and storing beetroot.

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Do not Sow in January

Do not Sow in February

Do Sow in March

Do Sow in April

Do Sow in May

Do Sow in June

Do Sow in July

Do not Sow in August

Do not Sow in September

Do not Sow in October

Do not Sow in November

Do not Sow in December


Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do not Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December


Do not Harvest in January

Do not Harvest in February

Do not Harvest in March

Do not Harvest in April

Do not Harvest in May

Do Harvest in June

Do Harvest in July

Do Harvest in August

Do Harvest in September

Do Harvest in October

Do not Harvest in November

Do not Harvest in December

  • Average Yield

    5-8kg per 3m row

  • Spacing

    10cm apart

    30cm between rows

  • Depth


Beetroot is easy to grow, bearing delicious round red roots that can be boiled, roasted and pickled, and even grated into salads. the colourful young leaves can be picked fresh and used in salads and mature leaves can be wilted and used as spinach.


There’s a wide variety of beetroot to grow, with orange, yellow and pink cultivars to choose from.

How to grow beetroot

Sow beetroot seeds outdoors from mid-April to late June, into a shallow drill, 1cm deep. Space seeds 10cm apart, with 30cm between rows. Water regularly and keep the area free from weeds. Harvest the beetroot when they’re the size of a cricket ball – larger roots can become woody.

More on growing beetroot:

How to sow beetroot seed

How to grow beetroot – thinning beetroot seedlings

Sow beetroot seeds outdoors from mid-April to late June, into a shallow drill, 1cm deep. Space seeds 10cm apart, with 30cm between rows. Being a root crop, it does best if the soil is free of large stones, and prefers light to fairly heavy soil.

For an early beetroot crop, select a variety known for its resistance to bolting and sow under cloches from the beginning of March.

It’s worth ‘station sowing’ beetroot to ensure a good crop. This means sowing two seeds at each location and thinning later to one seedling – the thinned seedlings are delicious eaten raw in salads. Label the row, then water along its length.

Beetroot grows well in large containers of sifted garden soil or high-quality compost such as John Innes No. 2. It’s an attractive crop and perfect for an ornamental kitchen garden.

In this clip from Gardeners’ World, Monty Don sows beetroot in modular trays indoors, explaining which compost to use and the best way to sow the seeds for good results. He also recommends his favourite variety:

How to care for beetroot

Harvesting beetroot

Water the beetroot regularly. This reduces the likelihood of the roots becoming woody or splitting. Hoe around the plants to keep the row weed free, taking care not to damage the swelling beetroot roots.

How to harvest beetroot

How to grow beetroot – how to harvest beetroot

Growing different varieties of beetroot allows you to enjoy the crop over a long period, without having to store it. Most of the globe types are ready to harvest in 8-10 weeks; longer, cylindrical varieties take nearer 20 weeks.

When harvesting beetroot, grasp the foliage firmly where it meets the top of the root and pull. Beetroot is better harvested too early rather than too late – younger roots are more tender. Pull roots the size of a cricket ball or smaller and store only those that are undamaged. After lifting, twist off foliage about 5cm from root, leaving short stalks.

Growing beetroot: problem solving

Seedlings can be eaten at the base as they emerge, by slugs and snails. Apply biological-control nematodes or grow the crop in a large container or bag of clean soil or compost out of reach of hungry molluscs. A barrier of crushed eggshells may reduce losses. The bright young leaves of the seedlings can be appealing to birds, so you may consider netting the seedlings before they are fully established.

Buy biological control nematodes from Primrose

Beetroot: preparation and uses

Wash beetroot gently in cold water, leaving on the long root and taking care not to pierce the skin. This prevents ‘bleeding’ during cooking. Beetroot can be boiled for one to two hours, depending on age, then drained and peeled, or try it wrapped in foil and baked in a low oven for around two hours. It’s delicious with cold meats or in salads with goats’ cheese.

How to store beetroot

Store only undamaged roots. Place your beetroots in a box filled with a peat alternative, and place in a cool shed. They should last right through to March.

Great beetroot varieties to grow

How to grow beetroot – beetroot varieties to grow