Freshly harvested beetroots

How to sow beetroot seeds

We take you through the simple process of sowing beetroot seeds outdoors, in spring.

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
To do
To do

Do not To do in January

Do not To do in February

Do To do in March

Do To do in April

Do To do in May

Do To do in June

Do To do in July

Do not To do in August

Do not To do in September

Do not To do in October

Do not To do in November

Do not To do in December

Beetroot seeds will germinate once ground temperatures are regularly 10°C or above – usually in March. 

This is best done in free-draining soil in full sun. If you’re gardening on heavy soil, try using cloches or clear polythene to speed up soil warming on the veg plot. 

Small-spring sown beetroot is the sweetest of all, so it’s worth sowing plenty to harvest them when they’re the size of golf balls.

Once you have your seeds off to a strong start, beetroot is tolerant of shade – check out more vegetable crops to grow in shade.

Follow our simple steps on how to sow beetroot seeds, below. 

Small-spring sown beetroot is the sweetest of all, so it's worth sowing plenty.

You will need

  • Beetroot seeds
  • Garden twine
  • Hoe
  • Watering can
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Step 1

Make a seed drill on firm, prepared soil using the edge of a hoe along a garden line or straight edge. It should be 1.5cm deep.

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Step 2

Use a watering can with the rose detached to water along the line of the drill so that once the seeds are sown and covered, the moist soil is around the seeds. 

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Step 3

Space large seeds 2-3cm apart. Allow more space for single seeded monogerm varieties like ‘Moneta’ and ‘Monika’ to avoid thinning out seedlings later. 

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Step 4

Use the edge of the hoe to pull soil over the seeds to a depth of 1cm then tamp down. The shallow impression draws surface water to the seedlings as they grow.

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Tending your beetroot seedlings

Beetroot seeds can be clustered so that they produce several seedlings that will need thinning out later. Protect the young seedlings from birds, which like to graze on the bright young leaves.