Aeoniums are dramatic evergreen exotics for growing in containers that stores water in their thick leaves.
You can propagate them easily by taking cuttings, which should root in a few weeks. Take cuttings while the plants are still in active growth, to encourage speedy rooting. Select young, slender shoots as propagation material. These will root more easily and have more vigour than older, thicker shoots.
After you’ve followed the steps below, leave your cuttings uncovered and keep them at a temperature of 18-20°C indoors, in a well-lit place such as on a sunny windowsill. Water your cuttings sparingly until they have rooted, taking care not to water directly onto the leaves. Aim to keep the compost barely moist at all times.
Follow the easy steps in this guide to take aeonium cuttings.
You Will Need
Deep 5cm or 8cm pots
Soil-based potting compost
Take cuttings of healthy shoots with stems around 10cm long. Hold the stem in your hand to steady it and cut it off flush with the main stem so you don’t leave a snag. Use sharp secateurs to make a clean cut.
How to take aeonium cuttings – removing a stem
Place the cuttings on their side and leave them somewhere dry and warm for a few days until the wound has calloused (see cutting on left of picture). This will reduce the chance of the cutting developing rot later on.
How to take aeonium cuttings – callousing the wound
Insert cuttings into deep 5cm or 8cm pots of soil-based potting compost mixed with equal parts grit. Firm the compost at the base of the cutting and make sure that at least half of the stem is above compost level.
How to take aeonium cuttings – inserting the cuttings into compost
Sprinkle a 1cm layer of crushed grit or perlite over the compost surface after gently watering each cutting. Give the pot a shake to leave a level surface. This layer helps keep the stem dry by improving drainage.
How to take aeonium cuttings – mulching around the cutting with perlite
Many aeoniums aren’t hardy, and need to be kept dry and frost-free over winter to ensure their survival. A bright greenhouse or conservatory is ideal. Try growing them in terracotta pots that can be moved outdoors in the summer months.