Abies balsamea

Christmas tree

  • Botanical name: Abies balsamea
  • Common name: Christmas tree
  • Family: Pinaceae
  • Plant Type: Tree, Evergreen
Foliage colour:


Abies are evergreen conifers with long narrow leaves, borne in whorls on the branches. They are best grown in full sun, planted in a moist, fertile soil with good drainage. Most Abies are long lived, and some species can reach heights above 60m. 


Abies balsamea, one of the much smaller and shorter-lived species, comonly used as a Christmas tree. It has has dense, fresh green needle-like leaves, an attractive grey bark, scented resin and bears cylindrical cones that are purplish in colour.


Grow Abies balsamea in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Water regularly during hot dry weather.

How to grow Abies balsamea

  • Plant size

    40m height

    20m spread

  • Sun exposure: Full sun
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do not Plant in May

Do not Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do Plant in October

Do Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Abies balsamea and wildlife

Abies balsamea has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK.

Is Abies balsamea poisonous?

Abies balsamea has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People