Brassica oleracea 'Cavolo Nero'

Brassica oleracea ‘Cavolo Nero’


  • Botanical name: Brassica oleracea 'Cavolo Nero'
  • Common name: Kale
  • Family: Brassicaceae
  • Plant Type: Vegetable, Evergreen
Foliage colour:


Brassica oleracea ‘Cavolo Nero’

Brassica oleracea ‘Cavolo Nero’ is an Italian kale with dark green puckered leaves. It’s ornamental enough to grow in the border where it will add winter interest – its leaves look fantastic when covered with a dusting of frost. It also doubles as a cut-and-come again vegetable, suitable for stir fries and salads.


Sow Brassica oleracea ‘Cavolo Nero’ in modules, and transplant 6-8 weeks later, planting them firmly together in moist but well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade. Weed and water well until well established. Remove all flower shoots to prevent the plants from setting seed and deteriorating.

How to grow Brassica 'Cavolo Nero'

  • Plant size

    90cm height

    90cm spread

  • Aspect

    South facing, west facing

  • Sun exposure: Full sun
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Do not Sow in January

Do not Sow in February

Do not Sow in March

Do not Sow in April

Do Sow in May

Do not Sow in June

Do not Sow in July

Do not Sow in August

Do not Sow in September

Do not Sow in October

Do not Sow in November

Do not Sow in December


Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do not Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December


Do Harvest in January

Do not Harvest in February

Do Harvest in March

Do not Harvest in April

Do not Harvest in May

Do not Harvest in June

Do not Harvest in July

Do not Harvest in August

Do not Harvest in September

Do not Harvest in October

Do not Harvest in November

Do Harvest in December

Brassica 'Cavolo Nero' and wildlife

Brassica 'Cavolo Nero' is known for attracting bees and other pollinators. It has nectar/pollen rich flowers.

Attractive to Bees

Does not attract Beneficial insects

Does not attract Birds

Does not attract Butterflies​/​Moths

Attractive to Other pollinators

Is Brassica 'Cavolo Nero' poisonous?

Brassica 'Cavolo Nero' has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People

Plants that go well with Brassica 'Cavolo Nero'