Pendulous, pale-yellow blooms of Clematis koreana 'Amber'

Group 1 clematis to grow

Check out our pick of gorgeous Group 1 clematis to grow.

Many Group 1 clematis flower in late winter and early spring, so they’re well-worth considering if you’re after some early colour in the garden. Plus, many Group 1 clematis have rich fragrance to appreciate.


Clematis in Group 1 are those that flower on wood created the previous year, so don’t require pruning. However, if you’re growing a vigorous clematis in need of cutting back, such as Clematis montana, you can cut them back immediately after flowering.

More on growing clematis:

Not sure how to grow your clematis? Take a look at these tips on training climbing plants for ideas and inspiration.

Discover some of our favourite Group 1 clematis to grow, below.

Clematis in Group 1 are those that flower on wood created the previous year, and so don't require pruning.

Clematis montana

Clematis montana is perhaps the most well-known of the Group 1 clematis. As well as the species, there are numerous varieties to pick from, including the double-flowered ‘Marjorie’ (pictured). Most are shade-lovers that flower in May and June.

Double, pink Clematis montana 'Marjorie'
Double, pink Clematis montana ‘Marjorie’

Clematis armandii

Clematis armandii is an evergreen species with shiny, exotic-looking foliage. The white blooms are beautifully scented and appear from March to April. Best grown in a spot in full sun. Cultivars to grow include ‘Snowdrift’ and ‘Appleblossom’.

White blooms of Clematis armandii
White blooms of Clematis armandii

Clematis cirrhosa

This species includes popular varieties like ‘Freckles’ and ‘Wisley Cream’, and they’re ideal if you’re after winter flowers. Plant Clematis cirrhosa in a sunny position and it’ll provide pretty blooms against a backdrop of glossy, evergreen foliage.

White Clematis cirrhosa
White Clematis cirrhosa

Clematis x cartmanii

Clematis x cartmanii originates in New Zealand and has evergreen, filigree foliage with an abundance of fragranced blooms – usually appearing in April and May. Cultivars to grow include ‘Early Sensation’ (pictured), ‘Avalanche’ and ‘Fragrant Oberon’.

White Clematis x cartmanii
White Clematis x cartmanii

Clematis alpina

This tough clematis is ideal for growing in cold spots, such as north-facing boundaries. Take your pick of the many cultivars, including early-flowering ‘Pamela Jackman’ (March-April) to the cornflower-blue ‘Frankie’. Discover more plants for a north-facing wall. This species is also the best for growing in containers.

Clematis alpina 'Helsingborg'
Clematis alpina ‘Helsingborg’

Clematis koreana

This species includes gorgeous cultivars like ‘Amber’ (pictured), which was named RHS Chelsea Plant of the Year 2016. Most Clematis koreana cultivars flower in April and May, while ‘Amber’ will flower in May, June and again in September.

Pendulous, pale-yellow blooms of Clematis koreana 'Amber'
Pendulous, pale-yellow blooms of Clematis koreana ‘Amber’

Planting your clematis

Most clematis prefer to be planted in garden soil rather than in containers. If growing in a pot, plant in John Innes no.3 with added grit. Plant your clematis in a position where the roots will be in shade and the top growth in sunshine.

Garden spade with wooden handle