Shade can be difficult if your heart is set on growing summer bedding, fruit and veg, or Mediterranean plants, which need direct sun to flourish. But there are plenty of beautiful plants which thrive in shady conditions.
Many people imagine that the only way to tackle a shady patch is to turn it into a foliage garden filled with box, ivies and ferns. But too many dark greens can make a shady area look gloomy. Instead, use them for background structure and texture, then bring the area alive by making use of pale, pastel colours.
Discover five evergreen plants for shade.
White, cream, pale yellow, lilac, light mauve and pale pink show up best. Add variegated plants for splashes of cream, yellow and white.
Types of shade
There are various degrees of shade. Light shade means slight shade for all or most of the day; partial shade means plants are in sun for some of the day; dappled shade is blotchy shade created when the sun filters through overhead foliage.
Read our tips for planting in shade.
For shady places with dry or damp soil it pays to be selective – some plants thrive in these conditions. You can even find plants that suit really difficult situations such as shady watersides or areas under large trees whose roots suck all the moisture out of the ground in summer. If you have borders of moist but well-drained and humus-rich soil in light shade, you can grow choice woodland plants which need exactly these conditions.
Find plants to suit your conditions, with the help of our recommendations, below:
Deep or full shade
There are plants that will grow in the darkest of corners, such as butcher’s broom, Iris foetidissima, wood spurge and spring bulbs such as snowdrops (pictured) and winter aconites. Discover more plants for full shade.
Light, partial and dappled shade
Many popular border plants, such as campanula, stachys and golden rod, grow happily in both sun and light shade. Some plants actually prefer shady conditions. These include aquilegia, foxglove, bleeding heart, pulmonaria and brunnera (pictured). Discover six plants for dappled shade.
Dry shade is often caused by trees, which suck moisture out of the soil. Suitable plants include: lords and ladies, barrenwort, cranesbill geraniums, hellebores, astrantia, ivy, cyclamen, Viola labradorica and sweet rocket. Discover 20 plants for dry shade.
Plants that will grow in these conditions typically suit boggy areas, at the edges of ponds and rivers. These include bleeding heart (pictured), monarda, astilbe, actaea, Solomon’s seal, toad lily, Himalayan blue poppy and heuchera. Read more about flowers for damp shade and foliage plants for damp shade.
Lift the crown
If trees or large shrubs are casting more shade than is desired, you don’t need to get rid of them completely. Instead, consider lifting the crown of the plant by removing the lowest branches on the plant.