Norway spruce, Picea abies

Picea abies

Christmas tree

  • Botanical name: Picea abies
  • Common name: Christmas tree
  • Family: Pinaceae
  • Plant Type: Tree, Evergreen
Foliage colour:


More commonly seen and known as the Christmas tree, Picea abies makes a beautiful specimen tree for large gardens and parks. It has a conical shape, attractive red-brown bark and short, deep green needles.


For best results grow Picea abies in moist but well-drained, slightly acidic soil, in full sun.

How to grow Picea abies

  • Plant size

    25m height

    6m spread

  • Sun exposure: Full sun
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Well drained / light / sandy / clay / heavy / moist / acidic

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do not Plant in May

Do not Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do Plant in September

Do Plant in October

Do Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Picea abies and wildlife

Picea abies has no particular known value to wildlife in the UK.

Is Picea abies poisonous?

Picea abies has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People