Stachys officinalis

Stachys officinalis

Betony

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does flower in June

Plant does flower in July

Plant does flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

  • Botanical name: Stachys officinalis
  • Common name: Betony
  • Family: Lamiaceae
  • Plant Type: Perennial
Flower colour:

Purple

Red

Foliage colour:

Green

Betony, Stachys officinalis, is a bushy perennial bearing delightful purple-red blooms from June to August, which are a magnet for bees and other pollinators. It’s a vigorous grower, thriving in heavy, wet soils, and is ideal for using as a wildflower plant along the pond margin or bog garden. It works well alongside ox-eye daisy and ornamental grasses, and does as well in sun as in shade. 

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For best results grow Stachys officinalis in heavy, wet soil in full sun to full shade. Sow seed in late summer where it is to flower, or raise from plugs. Cut back in autumn. It will self-seed readily. 

How to grow Stachys officinalis

  • Plant size

    60cm height

    20cm spread

  • Aspect

    North facing, east facing, south facing, west facing

  • Position in border

    Front, middle

  • Sun exposure: Full sun, dappled shade, partial shade, full shade
  • Shade type: Damp
  • Hardiness: Hardy
  • Soil type: Clay / heavy / moist / boggy

Plant calendar

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sow
Sow

Do not Sow in January

Do not Sow in February

Do not Sow in March

Do not Sow in April

Do not Sow in May

Do not Sow in June

Do not Sow in July

Do Sow in August

Do not Sow in September

Do not Sow in October

Do not Sow in November

Do not Sow in December

Plant
Plant

Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do not Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December

Flowers
Flowers

Plant does not flower in January

Plant does not flower in February

Plant does not flower in March

Plant does not flower in April

Plant does not flower in May

Plant does flower in June

Plant does flower in July

Plant does flower in August

Plant does not flower in September

Plant does not flower in October

Plant does not flower in November

Plant does not flower in December

Prune
Prune

Do not Prune in January

Do not Prune in February

Do not Prune in March

Do not Prune in April

Do not Prune in May

Do not Prune in June

Do not Prune in July

Do not Prune in August

Do Prune in September

Do Prune in October

Do not Prune in November

Do not Prune in December

Collect seeds
Collect seeds

Do not Collect seeds in January

Do not Collect seeds in February

Do not Collect seeds in March

Do not Collect seeds in April

Do not Collect seeds in May

Do not Collect seeds in June

Do not Collect seeds in July

Do Collect seeds in August

Do Collect seeds in September

Do not Collect seeds in October

Do not Collect seeds in November

Do not Collect seeds in December

Stachys officinalis and wildlife

Stachys officinalis is known for attracting bees, beneficial insects, butterflies​/​moths and other pollinators. It nectar-pollen-rich-flowers.

Attractive to Bees

Attractive to Beneficial insects

Does not attract Birds

Attractive to Butterflies​/​Moths

Attractive to Other pollinators

Is Stachys officinalis poisonous?

Stachys officinalis has no toxic effects reported.

No reported toxicity to:

No reported toxicity to Birds

No reported toxicity to Cats

No reported toxicity to Dogs

No reported toxicity to Horses

No reported toxicity to Livestock

No reported toxicity to People