How to grow kale

Follow the advice in this comprehensive Grow Guide to growing your own delicious, nutritious kale.

A table displaying which months are best to sow, plant and harvest.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Do not Sow in January

Do Sow in February

Do Sow in March

Do Sow in April

Do Sow in May

Do Sow in June

Do not Sow in July

Do not Sow in August

Do not Sow in September

Do not Sow in October

Do not Sow in November

Do not Sow in December


Do not Plant in January

Do not Plant in February

Do not Plant in March

Do not Plant in April

Do Plant in May

Do Plant in June

Do not Plant in July

Do not Plant in August

Do not Plant in September

Do not Plant in October

Do not Plant in November

Do not Plant in December


Do not Harvest in January

Do not Harvest in February

Do not Harvest in March

Do not Harvest in April

Do not Harvest in May

Do not Harvest in June

Do not Harvest in July

Do not Harvest in August

Do not Harvest in September

Do Harvest in October

Do Harvest in November

Do Harvest in December

  • Average Yield

    Multiple leaves per plant

  • Spacing

    60cm apart

Easy-to-grow kale, with its superfood qualities, is a must-have in your home grown vegetable collection.


There are many varieties to choose from, some with handsome foliage that’s highly ornamental too, whether you’re growing it in veg patches, borders or containers.

Follow the advice in this handy guide to grow your own kale.

Easy-to-grow kale, with its superfood qualities, is a must-have in your home grown vegetable collection.

Sowing kale seeds

Sowing kale seeds

Seeds can be sown in modules, indoors, or outdoors in warmer weather and transplanted 6-8 weeks later.

Planting kale seedlings

Looking after kale plants

Seedlings should be planted firmly into moist but well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade.

Plants will benefit from adding well-composted manure to the soil before planting. And a good mulch is also helpful to keep plants moist and weed free. Remove any flower shoots to encourage the production of plenty of healthy leaves.

Watch Monty’s video on planting out kale seedlings.

Purple kale leaves

Harvesting kale

Kale can be grown as a cut-and-come-again crop. Young tender leaves can be harvested for salads. If left to mature for winter greens, plants can be left in the ground through the winter and picked as required for soups and stews.

Storing kale

Kale leaves are best used when freshly picked. However, they can be blanched and then frozen to store for later use.

Curly kale leaves

Preparation and uses of kale

Delicious steamed or fried, kale leaves are loaded with antioxidants and vitamins. Young kale leaves can be eaten in salads and stir fries and also make a great addition to stews and soups.

Here are some kale recipe suggestions from our friends at Olive Magazine.

Damaged kale plant

Kale: problem solving

Another good reason for growing kale is that it’s a relatively pest-free member of the Brassica family. The biggest problem comes from greedy birds, so use bird scarers and net your crops.


Organic tip

If left to flower, kale plants can be a vital source of nectar and pollen for early bees.

Photo: Getty Images.
Kale ‘Ragged Jack’

Kale varieties to try

  • ‘Cavolo Nero’ – a handsome Italian kale, with long, plume-like leaves that are very ornamental in winter, particularly when dusted with frost
  • ‘Black Tuscany’ or ‘Nero di Toscana’ – has green, crinkled, strap-like leaves. It is good for winter or spring greens, and can be grown as an ornamental plant
  • ‘Ragged Jack’ or ‘Russian Red’ – an heirloom variety, with frilly, red-tinged leaves and purple-red stems; it will easily self-seed
  • ‘Scarlet Curled’ – an ornamental, dwarf, curled variety with violet-green leaves that turn violet-red after frost
  • ‘Dwarf Green Curled’ – a highly ornamental, dwarf variety with curly, dark green leaves, as its name suggests