Magenta and white decorative dahlia 'Checkers'

Dahlia types explained

Confused by the different dahlia types? Then read our useful guide to the different flower forms.

Dahlias are firmly back in fashion and an essential element of the garden – they flower prolifically in a wide range of vibrant colours from summer well into autumn and make excellent cut flowers.

Advertisement

Watch our video that reveals three golden rules for growing dahlias.

All dahlias are grown in the same way, but there are various groups of dahlia, with distinctive flower characteristics. Their classification is slightly complex, as there are thousands of varieties, bred all over the world, and suppliers may list them differently.

Here are some of the main types of dahlia that you’ll come across.

There are various groups of dahlia, with distinctive flower characteristics.

Single dahlias

Single, white dahlia 'Joe Swift'
Single, white dahlia ‘Joe Swift’

Single dahlias such as ‘Joe Swift’, pictured, and ‘Bishop of York’ have a single ring of petals that circle around a central disc. The petals may be rounded or pointed and may overlap. This type of dahlia is attractive to pollinators. Discover more single dahlias to grow.


Cactus dahlias

Red blooms of 'Doris Day' cactus dahlia, with spiky, inwards-curled petals
Red blooms of ‘Doris Day’ cactus dahlia, with spiky, outwards-curled petals

Cactus dahlias such as ‘Doris Day’ and ‘Ryecroft Pixie’ have fully double blooms, with very narrow petals from the tip to the base, that curve outwards. They range in size from miniature to giant. Discover cactus dahlias to grow.


Semi-cactus

Yellow-orange bloom of 'Dame Deirdre' semi-cactus dahlia
Yellow-orange bloom of ‘Dame Deirdre’ semi-cactus dahlia

Semi-cactus dahlias such as ‘Dame Deirdre’ (pictured), ‘Pink Preference’ and ‘Vulcan’ have fully double, fluffy-looking flowers. The petals have a broader base at the bottom than cactus dahlias and are rolled for about half of their length. Discover more semi-cactus dahlias to grow.


Pompon dahlias

Magenta, spherical blooms of the pompon dahlia 'Moor Place', with inwards curled petals
Magenta, spherical blooms of the pompon dahlia ‘Moor Place’, with inwards curled petals

The flowers of pompon dahlias such as ‘Moor Place’ (pictured) and ‘Franz Kafka’ are perfect spheres, formed of petals that are curved inwards. Their flowers are smaller than those of ball dahlias, below. Discover pompon dahlias to grow.


Ball dahlias

Large, spherical, pink blooms of the ball dahlia 'Jomanda'
Large, spherical, pink blooms of the ball dahlia ‘Jomanda’

Ball dahlias including ‘Jomanda’ (pictured) and ‘Aurora’s Kiss’ are larger than pompon dahlias and have a spiral arrangement of curved petals that form a ball or a slightly flattened sphere. Discover ball dahlias to grow.


Waterlily dahlias

Pink-red, waterlily-like blooms of 'Kilburn Rose' waterlily dahlia
Pink-red, waterlily-like blooms of ‘Kilburn Rose’ waterlily dahlia

As their name suggests, waterlily dahlias including ‘Kilburn Rose’ (pictured) and ‘Taratahi Ruby’ resemble waterlily flowers – they have broad, shallow double flowers that are shaped like a saucer, with curved or flat petals.


Anemone dahlias

Pink and cream anemone dahlia 'Lambada'
Pink and cream anemone dahlia ‘Lambada’

Anemone dahlias such as ‘Lambada’, shown here, have an unusual look – they have tubular florets in their centre, surrounded by at least one ring of flatter petals on the outside.


Decorative dahlias

Magenta and white decorative dahlia 'Checkers'
Magenta and white decorative dahlia ‘Checkers’

Decorative dahlias such as ‘Checkers’ (pictured) and ‘David Howard’, have fully double, slightly flat and broad petals, often with a blunt end, and no central disc. They’re the largest of all the dahlias – flowers can be up to 25cm in diameter.


Collarette dahlias

Pink and white collarette dahlia 'Yankee Doodle Dandy'
Pink and white collarette dahlia ‘Yankee Doodle Dandy’
Advertisement

Collarette dahlias have overlapping, large petals that surround a ‘collar’ of smaller petals around a disc in the centre. They include ‘Chimborazo’ and ‘Yankee Doodle Dandy’ (pictured).