• Plant drifts of spring bulbs informally in a lawn, including crocuses, daffodils and snake's-head fritillaries
  • Lift tender cannas to avoid frost damage, dry off the tubers and store in cool dark conditions until spring
  • Plant up cheery pot displays with winter colour, such as heathers, cyclamen, winter pansies and skimmia
  • Lift and pot up tender perennials, such as chocolate cosmos, gazanias and coleus, to protect over winter
  • Plant evergreen shrubs and conifer hedges while the soil is still warm
  • Remove any pot saucers and raise pots up onto feet to prevent waterlogging over winter
  • Transplant deciduous shrubs that are in the wrong place or have outgrown their current position
  • Wrap layers of fleece or straw around banana plants and tree ferns to protect from frost
  • Collect seeds from hardy perennials, such as astrantia, achillea and red valerian, and sow straight away
  • Take hardwood cuttings from ornamental trees and shrubs
  • Reduce the height of shrub roses to avoid windrock damage over winter
  • Empty spent summer pots and hanging baskets, and compost the contents
Taking hardwood cuttings

Hardwood cuttings

Prepare hardwood cuttings


Fruit and veg


Raise pumpkins and squashes off the ground to aid ripening


Fitting a downpipe into a water butt

Give water butts a good clean and ensure they are free from obstructions


Garden maintenance

Leaf mould

Use bags or boxes to make leaf mould

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